October, 2015 Monthly Quick Grammar Review – The Verb Ser

Bernardo es de españa.  Es español.  Es músico.  Ser has many uses, three of which are to express origin, nationality, and occupation. 

The Spanish language has 2 different verbs for the English verb to be.  They are ser and estar.  These verbs are never used interchangeably as they each have separate uses. Today, let’s look at the uses of ser.

Ser is used to express:

place of origin – Bernardo es de España.

nationality – Bernardo es español.

relationship of one person to another – Celia es mi hermana.

occupation – Cristóbal y Rodolfo son médicos.

religious or political affiliation – Ricardo es budista.

the material that something is made of – Este vestido es de seda.

possession – Esta casa es de mi suegro.

inherent characteristics such as size, shape, color, personal qualities – La casa es alta.     La alfombra es redonda.     La hierba es verde.     Miguel es inteligente.

to express where an event is taking place – La fiesta es en la casa de Anselmo.

to express the hour, day and dateEs la una menos cinco.     Es jueves.     Es el veintidós de octubre.

Ser is used with impersonal expressionsEs lástima.

Adjectives that require ser are: joven, viejo, rico, and pobre. – Mauro es joven.     Mi abuelo es viejo.      Nosotros no somos ricos sino pobres.

Ser must be used to form the true passive tense. – El libro fue escrito por María Dueñas.

El libro fue escrito por María Dueñas.

I have written a booklet that provides review and practice with the verb ser.  It is available at Teachers Pay Teachers.  Here is a sample of the booklet.

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